Maxillofacial and oral surgery is the surgical speciality concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck. Also referred to as the bridge between medicine and dentistry, it is recognised as an international speciality.
The scope of practice includes the diagnosis and management of facial injuries, head and neck cancers, facial disproportion, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, impacted teeth, dental implantology, cysts and tumours of the jaws, salivary gland diseases as well as numerous problems affecting the hard and soft tissue in the mouth such as lesions and infections.
Due to the nature of the work, Maxillofacial and Oral Surgeons often work alongside specialists in other disciplines such as Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeons, Radiologists, Neurosurgeons, Oncologists, Plastic Surgeons, Orthodontists and Dentists.
Treatment in this practice includes:
- Removal of wisdom and other impacted teeth, surgical removal of complex teeth and residual roots, extraction of teeth on medically compromised patients.
- Surgical procedures associated with orthodontic treatment i.e. the exposure of impacted teeth and the attachment of orthodontic appliances.
- Orthognathic surgery, correction of incorrect bite, facial disproportion and asymmetry.
- Temporomandibular (TMJ) joint disorders.
- Implant surgery, including the use of implants to retain facial or dental prostheses and associated bone grafting techniques to provide better anatomy for the placement of dental implants.
- Detecting and management of pathology of the face and jaws i.e. tumours, cysts, lesions and oral cancer.
- Surgery and management of salivary gland diseases.
- Trauma and facial injuries, management of complex craniofacial fractures and associated soft tissue injuries of the mouth, face, and neck.